Contested Relationships Between Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation
In recent years, major international donors have decided to develop significant new programmes in poverty alleviation, often in place of previous biodiversity, or environmental, programmes. The logic used by such groups is that in many cases poverty alleviation will result in biodiversity conservation. In this paper the authors detail the logic underlying these different perspectives, and they demonstrate the gaps in current thinking governing expectations that investments in poverty alleviation will result in biodiversity conservation. Finally, the authors conclude that both poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation are worthy societal goals, but that linking them causally may result in losses for both poor people and biodiversity.