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Development AND Gorillas? Assessing fifteen years of integrated conservation and development in south-western Uganda

Blomley, T.
Namara, A.
McNeilage, A.
Franks, P.
Rainer, H.
June 2010

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park are two afromontane forests considered as extremely important biodiversity areas, with global significance, due to their population of highly endangered Mountain Gorilla. Threats to the two parks include uncontrolled exploitation of forest resources as well as fire damage and the indirect pressures of demand for land. Gazettement of the parks in 1991 caused high levels of conflict and resistance from the surrounding communities, seriously threatening the ability of the protected area authority to manage the parks. In response to these conflicts and threats, a range of “integrated conservation and development” (ICD) strategies have been applied in and around Bwindi and Mgahinga. This report summarises the findings of a study which aimed to test the effectiveness of these strategies in reconciling biodiversity conservation and socio-economic development interests. It confirms the validity of the assumption that linking local people to a resource and helping generate a steady stream of benefits increases willingness to manage and protect that resource, over the long term but notes inconclusive evidence that providing “alternative” livelihoods is an effective conservation strategy.

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74 pp.