The influence of socioeconomic factors on the densities of high-value cross-border species, the African elephant.
Di Minin E
Using elephant count data from aerial surveys in a generalised linear model, the authors investigate the effect of socioeconomic and ecological variables on the number of elephants in the Greater Mapungubwe Transfrontier Conservation Area (GMTFCA). Findings suggest that important factors are the proportion of total land surface under cultivation, human population density and the number of tourists visiting the country. The results confirm that human disturbance is affecting elephant numbers, but highlight that the benefits provided by ecotourism could help enhance elephant conservation