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Brazil nut harvesting in Peruvian Amazonia from the perspective of ecosystem services

This study analysed the ecological economics of Brazil nut production in the Peruvian region of the Madre de Dios where nut extraction occurs on hundreds of small-holder concessions who operate under long-term agreements. The activity sustains locally important economies that suffer from small volume and high seasonality. Volatile market prices as well as development pressures in Amazonia (which often result in deforestation) compound the fragility of the Brazil nut economy. The income level from Brazil nut collection is not enough to help concession owner rise from poverty, the authors propose this could be changed if additional payments are made for ecosystem services, which could be developed as part of a green marketing strategy. The authors state that indicators are needed that optimise management, policy and trading conditions that can best help preserve ecosystem services and function.

Author(s): 
Kalliola, R., Flores, P.
Source: 
FENNIA
Volume etc.: 
189, 2, 1-13
Year published: 
2011