Type of study:
Type of publication:
Peer-review published journal paper
Mechanism by which biodiversity affects poverty:
Biodiversity component details:
The Zebu can be directly, or kept and looked after in large herds.
Measure of poverty impact used:
The social and cultural importance of Zebu to the Tandroy.
Assessment of impact on poverty:
Evidence assesses the scale of impact:
Scale of impact details:
The paper discusses the social implications for the use of Zebu but without giving any quantifiable evidence (Though given this is a social value quantifying this value would be difficult).
Sustainability of biodiversity use:
Sustainability of biodiversity use details:
The use of Zebu is in itself sustainable, however the methods used to acquire the funds to buy Zebu is not sustainable as it involves a slash and burn style agriculture which is cause deforestation to occur at a high rate.
Attribute of biodiversity affecting poverty:
Does the evidence relate to a specific intervention?:
How does the mechanism affect poverty?:
It supports immediate subsistence needs
Mechanism affects poverty precisely how:
The main way in which the contribution to poverty reduction is through the cultural enhancement which the species offers. For the Tandroy Zebu represent social standing, and a large herd of Zebu is what they aspire to.
Evidence provides measure of poverty impact:
Evidence is site-specific:
Research method details:
The author conducts a participatory rural appraisal styled set of interviews to investigate the history of the region, the cultural and social importance of Zebu to the Tandroy,and to identify the on going reasons why deforestation continues to occur, and why
Unit of analysis and sample size:
Does the evidence mention the general biodiversity status of the country/region?:
General biodiversity status described:
its unique biodiversity is of international significance
Does the evidence describe the biodiversity status of the site?:
Does the evidence mention the general poverty status of the country/region?:
General poverty status described:
Does the evidence discuss the governance regime at the site?:
Does the evidence describe the poverty/socioeconomic status of the site?:
A shifting-agriculture e system, encouraged by government policy.
What is the resource rights regime?:
Resource rights regime details:
What is the land tenure regime?:
Land tenure regime details:
Under community ownership and management.
Does the evidence mention the power relations?:
Does the evidence consider possible trade-offs/costs as well as benefits?:
Costs and benefits details:
The paper discusses how use of biodiversity (The Zebu) for social means is having a significant negative side effect on the forest which is being cleared in order to farm maize to generate income with which to buy the Zebu in the first place.
Measure of poverty impact tag:
Distribution impacts considered:
Duration of impact considered:
Duration of impact details:
Outcome replicable elsewhere considered:
Thresholds/boundary limits/tipping points of achieving the outcome considered:
How costs and benefits/impacts might vary across different spatial scales considered:
Presence of possible confounding factors acknowledged:
How mechanism affects poverty other:
Contributes to Cultural enhancement.