Type of publication:
Peer-review published journal paper
Mechanism by which biodiversity affects poverty:
Biodiversity component details:
Okavango Delta associated with CBNRM and tourism activities.
Through CBNRM ecotourism has been established and resulted in employment, craft sales, harvesting of resources.
Intervention employed other:
Doing tourism initiatives through the CBNRM approach.
Measure of poverty impact used:
-Income Ranking of importance of livelihood activities for households in study area (this includes the natural resource activities associated with CBNRM tourism project)
Assessment of impact on poverty:
Evidence assesses the scale of impact:
Sustainability of biodiversity use:
Attribute of biodiversity affecting poverty:
Does the evidence relate to a specific intervention?:
How does the mechanism affect poverty?:
It supports immediate subsistence needs
It generates income/tradeable surplus
Mechanism affects poverty precisely how:
It generates jobs, allows sale of crafts and other natural resource materials. There has also been reduction in subsistence hunting and gathering.
Evidence provides measure of poverty impact:
Evidence is site-specific:
Research method details:
Household interviews, key informant interviews, published and unpublished data/ reports including reports, policy documents, journal articles and annual reports of CBNRM projects in study area.
Unit of analysis and sample size:
Does the evidence mention the general biodiversity status of the country/region?:
Does the evidence describe the biodiversity status of the site?:
Site biodiversity status described:
Okavango is a wetland that covers an area of 16000km2. It has large amounts of water and grasslands that sustain human life, plant life, birds, insects and various living organisms.
Does the evidence mention the general poverty status of the country/region?:
Does the evidence discuss the governance regime at the site?:
Does the evidence describe the poverty/socioeconomic status of the site?:
What is the resource rights regime?:
Resource rights regime details:
What is the land tenure regime?:
Land tenure regime details:
Does the evidence mention the power relations?:
Does the evidence consider possible trade-offs/costs as well as benefits?:
Costs and benefits details:
The CBNRM activities has impacted the livelihoods in different ways. There has been generation of income, support to small businesses like craft making. However traditional livelihood activities like subsistence hunting and gathering have significantly declined.
Measure of poverty impact tag:
Distribution impacts considered:
Duration of impact considered:
Outcome replicable elsewhere considered:
Outcome replicable elsewhere details:
Tourism is a modernisation tool that must be sensitively applied elsewhere to create a balance between traditional and modern activities.
Thresholds/boundary limits/tipping points of achieving the outcome considered:
How costs and benefits/impacts might vary across different spatial scales considered:
Presence of possible confounding factors acknowledged: