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Changes on traditional livelihood activities and lifestyles caused by tourism development in the Okavango Delta, Botswana

Community based natural resources management (CBNRM) in Botswana aims to achieve conservation and rural development. In the Okavango Delta , some communities are involved in tourism through CBNRM initiatives. This study analyses the changes on traditional livelihood activities and lifestyles due to CBNRM. Traditional activities like hunting, gathering, crop and livestock farming have declined. New activities include employment in the CBNRM project, sale of crafts to tourists and thatch grass to lodges. Income from these is used to build modern houses, buy foreign foods and household equipment like gas stoves and satellite television. Tourism planners must consider the likely impact of initiatives like CBNRM and tourism itself so that modernisation is sensitive to traditional economic systems.

Author(s): 
Mbaiwa, J. E.
Source: 
Tourism Management
Volume etc.: 
32, 1050-1060
Year published: 
2011