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The effects of tourism development on rural livelihoods in Okavango Delta, Botswana

Community based natural resources management (CBNRM) targets biodiversity conservation and rural development. In Okavango Delta this has been carried out for over a decade. Using the sustainable livelihoods framework this study analyses the effects of tourism development through CBNRM on rural livelihoods. Communities have forgone traditional activities like hunting, gathering livestock and crop farming to participate in tourism. Livelihoods have been improved as a result. Basic needs such as shelter, employment and income and social systems like water supply systems, transportation, scholarships and payment of funeral expenses for community members. Social capital has been built as a result. The study concludes that tourism development has achieved the goal of improved livelihoods contrary to claims that CBNRM is failing.

Author(s): 
Mbaiwa, J. E. and Stronza, A.L.
Source: 
Journal of Sustainable Tourism
Volume etc.: 
18, 5, 635-656
Year published: 
2010