Linking biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction: what, why and how?

28 - 29 April 2010, ZSL, London, UK

What do we actually know about the degree to which biodiversity conservation contributes to poverty reduction? This symposium titled "Linking biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction: what, why and how?" organised by IIED, PCLG members, UNEP-WCMC and AWF,  was hosted by the Zoological Society of London. Recognising that the CBD 2010 target includes ‘contributing to poverty reduction’ as a key rationale for halting biodiversity loss, the aim of the symposium was to explore the evidence supporting this assumption.  

Symposium Documents:

Report of the Symposium "Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Reduction: What, Why and How?"

Does Conserving Biodiversity Work To Reduce Poverty? A state of knowledge review

Presentations abstracts

Posters abstracts

Journal Articles on the Symposium:

NatureNews: Conservation's poverty reduction claims questioned

SciDev.net: Study pinpoints whether conservation can fight poverty

Further Documents:

Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation: A State of Knowledge Review

Conservation Enterprise – What Works, Where and for Whom?

Symposium Presentations:

Linking biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction: how, what and where?


Session I: Keynote Presentations - The Global Context

Poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation: an economic perspective
Pavan Sukhdev, Heidi Witmmer and Uta Barghofer, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), UK

Biodiversity and poverty: a political perspective
Bill Adams, University of Cambridge, UK


Session II: Biodiversity Poverty Linkages - State of Knowledge Reviews

The geographical overlap between biodiversity and poverty: a state of knowledge review
Monica Hernandez Morcillo, Philip Martin and Matt Walpole, UNEP-WCMC, UK

Dependence of the poor on biodiversity – which poor, what biodiversity?
Bhaskar Vira and Andreas Kontoleon, University of Cambridge, UK

Biodiversity as a poverty trap, safety net or route out of poverty?
Craig Leisher and Neil Larsen, The Nature Conservancy


Session III: Biodiversity Poverty Linkages for Different Groups of Poor People

From Sahelian agropastoralism to global drylands: biodiversity-poverty linkages
Michael Mortimore, Drylands Research, UK

Pastoralists and conservation – who benefits?
Katherine Homewood, Pippa Chenevix Trench and Dan Brockington, University of Manchester, UK

Forest conservation and poor people
Brian Belcher, The Zoological Society of London, UK

Biodiversity and poverty in coastal environments
Jock Campbell and Phil Townsley, IMM Ltd, UK 

Biodiversity: a strategic value in resilient food systems
Willy Douma, Hivos, The Netherlands


Session IV: Different Responses to Biodiversity Loss and their Poverty Implications 

Payments for environmental services – benefits for conservation and poor people
Sven Wunder and Jan Börner, Centre for International Forestry Research, Indonesia

Conservation priority areas, poverty, and payments for ecosystem services: a global view
Will Turner, Thomas Brooks and Katrina Brandon, Conservation International, US

Species conservation and poverty reduction: Experiences from African great ape conservation
Chris Sandbrook, World Wide Fund for Nature, UK

Community-based approaches for linking conservation and livelihood objectives
Fikret Berkes, University of Manitoba, Canada

Conservation enterprise – what works, where and for whom?
Daudi Sumba and Joanna Elliott, African Wildlife Foundation

Protected areas and human well-being: benefits, costs and governance regimes
Dan Brockington, University of Manchester and George Holmes, University of Leeds, UK

CBD– framework for poverty reduction and development beyond 2010
Alberto Vega, CBD, Canada


Session V: Real World Experience

Approaches to conservation and poverty reduction: entry point – working with local organisations
David Thomas, Birdlife International, UK

Entry point – natural resource governance
Phil Franks, CARE International, UK

Namibia: Entry point – national policy and programmes
Brian Jones, Environment and Development Consultant, Namibia

Entry point – celebrating local success in linking conservation and poverty reduction
Eileen de Ravin, UNDP Equator Initiative, US

About us

The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is an international network of organisations that promotes learning on the linkages between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction.

More about us

IIED The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is a project coordinated by IIED.

UK AidArcus foundation

This website has received funding from UK aid and the Arcus Foundation. The views expressed on this site do not necessarily reflect the views of these organisations.

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