COMPACT (Community Management of Protected Areas for Conservation)
The Community Management of Protected Areas for Conservation (COMPACT) is a jointly funded project of the United Nations Foundation (UNF) and the UNDP/Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (SGP). The objective of COMPACT has been to demonstrate how community-based initiatives can significantly increase the effectiveness of biodiversity conservation in natural World Heritage Sites (WHS) by adding value to existing projects and programmes. A key challenge when COMPACT began in 2000 was that many natural WH sites remained better known internationally than locally. In Phase I between 2000-2004, COMPACT successfully piloted its approach in six WH sites namely: Belize Barrier Reef WHS, Belize; Mornes Trois Pitons WHS, Dominica; Mount Kenya WHS, Kenya; Sian Ka'an WHS, Mexico; Puerto Princesa Subterranean River WHS, Philippines; and Mount Kilimanjaro WHS, Tanzania.
- COMPACT Phase I was originally approved as a four-year demonstration programme from 2000 to 2004.
- Implementation of Phase II of the programme was initiated in 2005 with the addition of two new WH sites: Djoudj/Djawling transboundary Biosphere Reserve between Senegal and Mauritania; and the Fôrets Séches tentative list WH nomination landscape in South-West Madagascar.
Starting in 2009, the World Heritage Local Ecological Entrepreneurship Program (WH-LEEP) has begun to leverage the UN Foundation and SGP's current COMPACT partnership with Conservation International's expertise in small/medium-sized enterprise development via Verde Ventures. The programme is now complementing COMPACT's support to grantees and partner organisations, as well as SGP and UNDP's approach to local capacity building by providing technical assistance and affordable capital directly to target enterprises.
On 23 June 2013, the GEF SGP launched a 12-year report 'COMPACT: Engaging Local Communities in the Stewardship of World Heritage' at the UNESCO World Heritage Committee taking place in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, between 17-26 June 2013.