Environment for Development Initiative (EfD)

The Environment for Development (EfD) initiative is an environmental economics programme focused on capacity building, international research collaboration, policy advice, and academic training. The overall objective is to support poverty alleviation and sustainable development through the increased use of environmental economics in the policy making process. EfD includes research centers in Central America, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, and Tanzania, in partnership with the Environmental Economics Unit at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden and Resources for the Future in Washington, DC.

EfD is implemented by the following host institutions: CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center, Costa Rica), Peking University, Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), University of Cape Town, University of Dar es Salaam, Resources for the Future in Washington DC, and University of Gothenburg. EfD is funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation (Sida).

EfD's mission and vision is one of commitment sustainable economic growth founded on efficient management of ecosystems, natural resources and climate change impacts. In addition, they strive to contribute to poverty alleviation and sustainable development through increased use of environmental economics’ capacity, tools and instruments in policy design and policy-making processes pertaining to management of ecosystems, natural resources and climate change impacts.

The EfD Initiative builds on more than 20 years of capacity building in environmental economics. During the implementation of the capacity building program, four gaps have been identified as the; analytical, empirical, communication and institutional gaps. These gaps reduce the use of environmental economics analysis in key policies in developing countries and EfD works to overcome them.

EfD is currently working through its strategic plan, which was put in place in 2013, to address these gaps and fulfill their mission.

January 2007
January 2017
South Africa
Central America

EfD Central America
Dr. Francisco Alpízar
Email: falpizar@catie.ac.cr

EfD China
Professor Jintao Xu
Email: xujt@pku.edu.cn

EfD Ethiopia
Dr. Alemu Mekonnen
Email: alemu_m2004@yahoo.com

EfD Kenya
Dr. Wilfred Nyangena
Email: wnyangena@kippra.or.ke

EfD South Africa
Dr. Martine Visser
Email: martine.visser@uct.ac.za

EfD Tanzania
Dr. Razack Lokina
Email: razack_lokina@yahoo.co.uk

EfD Director:
Gunnar Köhlin
gunnar.kohlin@economics.gu.se, + 46 31 786 44 26

EfD Communications:
Karin Backteman
karin.backteman@economics.gu.se, + 46 31 786 25 95
EfD Partner - Resources for the Future
Allen Blackman
Email: blackman@rff.org

About us

The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is an international network of organisations that promotes learning on the linkages between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction.

More about us

IIED The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is a project coordinated by IIED.

UK AidArcus foundation

This website has received funding from UK aid and the Arcus Foundation. The views expressed on this site do not necessarily reflect the views of these organisations.

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