Type of study:
Non systematic review
Type of publication:
Peer-review published journal paper
Mechanism by which biodiversity affects poverty:
Biodiversity component details:
Buffaloes produce milk that the villagers sell for income.
Intervention employed other:
Small Farmers' Development Program provides credit for the purchase of buffaloes for milk production.
Measure of poverty impact used:
Assessment of impact on poverty:
Evidence assesses the scale of impact:
Sustainability of biodiversity use:
Attribute of biodiversity affecting poverty:
Does the evidence relate to a specific intervention?:
How does the mechanism affect poverty?:
It generates income/tradeable surplus
Mechanism affects poverty precisely how:
The milk production ensures sales that generate income for household use.
Evidence provides measure of poverty impact:
Evidence is site-specific:
Research method details:
Mixed methods of household interviews, participant observation and focus group discussions.
Unit of analysis and sample size:
Does the evidence mention the general biodiversity status of the country/region?:
General biodiversity status described:
The country has three main physiographic zones: high mountains bordering Tibet, the middle hills and the plains belt in the south.
Does the evidence describe the biodiversity status of the site?:
Site biodiversity status described:
In the middle hill region, forest depleted, high population pressure.
Does the evidence mention the general poverty status of the country/region?:
General poverty status described:
8 million of the 19 million of Nepal's population live in absolute poverty.
Site poverty status described:
rural poor, rural economy agrarian.
Does the evidence discuss the governance regime at the site?:
Does the evidence describe the poverty/socioeconomic status of the site?:
What is the resource rights regime?:
Resource rights regime details:
What is the land tenure regime?:
Land tenure regime details:
Does the evidence mention the power relations?:
Does the evidence consider possible trade-offs/costs as well as benefits?:
Measure of poverty impact tag:
Distribution impacts considered:
Duration of impact considered:
Outcome replicable elsewhere considered:
Thresholds/boundary limits/tipping points of achieving the outcome considered:
How costs and benefits/impacts might vary across different spatial scales considered:
Presence of possible confounding factors acknowledged: