Type of study:
Type of publication:
Peer-review published journal paper
Mechanism by which biodiversity affects poverty:
Biodiversity component details:
The cultivation and harvesting of medicinal plants provides women with access to basic health, and empowers women within their families and within society.
Intervention employed other:
"Foundation for the Revitalization of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT), a NGO based in Karnataka (Bangalore), India, has been one of the pioneer organizations that stated programs for the promotion of home herbal gardens in rural areas in different Indian states such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa, involving more than 9,500 villages. These programs included training of local villagers on the multiple therapeutic uses of medicinal plants and the selection of a tested package of plants useful for preventive and primary health care."
Measure of poverty impact used:
The measure of the poverty impact used is the reduction in cost for the family to access basic health. The program contributes to poverty alleviation by reducing costs and indebtedness due to health expenditure. The interviews highlighted that the health expenditure incurred by nonadopters of home herbal gardens was around five times more than that by adopters. The minimum benefit of annual savings in terms of primary health care-related expenses through the use of HHG (home herbal garden) is reported to be hovering any where between Rs. 150 to Rs. 750 for a single to five episodes of treatment costs that are being incurred by an average family of 5 members.
Assessment of impact on poverty:
Evidence assesses the scale of impact:
Sustainability of biodiversity use:
Attribute of biodiversity affecting poverty:
Does the evidence relate to a specific intervention?:
How does the mechanism affect poverty?:
It supports immediate subsistence needs
Mechanism affects poverty precisely how:
Cultivating medicinal plants provides especially women and children with increased access to basic health.
Evidence provides measure of poverty impact:
Evidence is site-specific:
Research method details:
The research method consisted of interviews with semi structured questions. The interviews, whose duration was about 45 min/1 h, consisted of semi-structured questions aimed to understand the role of home gardens for primary health care and their relevance for the household, with a special focus on women’s health. In addition, other questions have been asked in order to understand any possible socioeconomic impact of home herbal gardens on women inside their household and the community.
Unit of analysis and sample size:
Does the evidence mention the general biodiversity status of the country/region?:
Does the evidence describe the biodiversity status of the site?:
Does the evidence mention the general poverty status of the country/region?:
Site poverty status described:
"The majority of the households in this area belong to scheduled castes and are considered to be economically and socially disadvantaged. The majority of the families do not own land and are tenant farmers or daily farmers. The illiteracy rate is still high among the scheduled castes."
Does the evidence discuss the governance regime at the site?:
Does the evidence describe the poverty/socioeconomic status of the site?:
What is the resource rights regime?:
Resource rights regime details:
What is the land tenure regime?:
Land tenure regime details:
Does the evidence mention the power relations?:
Does the evidence consider possible trade-offs/costs as well as benefits?:
Measure of poverty impact tag:
Distribution impacts considered:
Duration of impact considered:
Outcome replicable elsewhere considered:
Thresholds/boundary limits/tipping points of achieving the outcome considered:
How costs and benefits/impacts might vary across different spatial scales considered:
Presence of possible confounding factors acknowledged: