Type of publication:
Peer-reviewed published grey literature
Mechanism by which biodiversity affects poverty:
Biodiversity component details:
A area within Kruger National Park.
The creation of conservation jobs.
Intervention employed other:
Community led ecotourism.
Measure of poverty impact used:
Number of jobs created, and income generated from the tourism venture.
Assessment of impact on poverty:
Evidence assesses the scale of impact:
Scale of impact details:
15,000 beneficiaries in three villages. 45 community members employed in operating the eco-lodge, eight employed as part of anti-poaching efforts, and more than 20 undergoing technical training, skills development and vocation training for employment elsewhere. During the construction phase of Pafuri Camp, more than 100 community members received temporary employment. Gender equality has been a priority with 58% of staff positions going to local women. To date a total of US$30,732 has been paid out to permanent employees of Pafuri Camp, and a further US$461, 782 to community members employed as part of anti-poaching efforts. Additionally a total of US$179,651 has been channelled through the Makuleke CPA into community projects.
Sustainability of biodiversity use:
Attribute of biodiversity affecting poverty:
Does the evidence relate to a specific intervention?:
How does the mechanism affect poverty?:
It generates income/tradeable surplus
Mechanism affects poverty precisely how:
The ecotourism venture has created a number of jobs for the local community, as well as a significant source of income through the secondary jobs created and the agreement of the community with the ecotourism company that the company pays 8% of the income generated by the camp to the community for use in development.
Evidence provides measure of poverty impact:
Evidence is site-specific:
Unit of analysis and sample size:
Does the evidence mention the general biodiversity status of the country/region?:
Does the evidence describe the biodiversity status of the site?:
Site biodiversity status described:
Pafuri Camp provides visitors with access to what is considered one of Kruger National Park's most bio diverse region.
Does the evidence mention the general poverty status of the country/region?:
Site poverty status described:
Does the evidence discuss the governance regime at the site?:
Does the evidence describe the poverty/socioeconomic status of the site?:
A board made up of representatives from the state, the community and the ecotourism company make decisions regarding the ecotourism venture, otherwise the land is held in trust by the community.
What is the resource rights regime?:
Resource rights regime details:
Common property, however hunting and destructive practices are not allowed by the community as they see them as harming the ecotourism ventures success.
What is the land tenure regime?:
Land tenure regime details:
Community owned and managed by a board comprising the state, the community and the ecotourism company.
Does the evidence mention the power relations?:
Does the evidence consider possible trade-offs/costs as well as benefits?:
Measure of poverty impact tag:
Distribution impacts considered:
Duration of impact considered:
Duration of impact details:
Given the high level of community support of this project, long term.
Outcome replicable elsewhere considered:
Outcome replicable elsewhere details:
Knowledge on how to replicate this model have been distributed to a number of different communities.
Thresholds/boundary limits/tipping points of achieving the outcome considered:
How costs and benefits/impacts might vary across different spatial scales considered:
Presence of possible confounding factors acknowledged: