IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Forest Conservation Programme
IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) is the world’s largest and most important conservation network. The Union brings together 82 States, 111 government agencies, more than 800 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and some 10,000 scientists and experts from 181 countries in a unique worldwide partnership.
IUCN's mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.
The IUCN Forest Conservation Programme (FCP) is a global thematic programme of the IUCN Secretariat and supports the forest-related activities of the Union, including its Members and Commissions. In line with the global IUCN mission, the mission of the Programme is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve biological diversity in forests and tree-dominated landscapes and ensure that the use of forest resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.
The programme consists of a global secretariat based at the IUCN Headquarters and out-posted offices in Russia and Canada that coordinate the programme's Temperate and Boreal Forest Programme. The programme is also directly linked to and coordinated with a worldwide network of regional forest programmes based in different IUCN regional offices, which enables it to remain actively engaged in a wide range of field-based forest projects, and ensures that its global policy work is well grounded in local realities.
The goal of the Forest Conservation Programme is to maintain and, where necessary, restore forest ecosystems to promote conservation, sustainable management and an equitable distribution of the full range of forest goods and services.
In recent years, the IUCN Forest Conservation Programme has intensified its effort on poverty-environment linkages, and has begun to address questions of poverty and human livelihoods in its work. Some of its key experiences from the field are:
1. 3-IC Project: Mainstreaming Poverty Reduction at IUCN: The goal of the 3-IC project on poverty and conservation is to identify, promote and mainstream a meaningful role for conservation within international and national development policies, programmes and initiatives. The purpose is to develop a strategy and approach that enables IUCN to demonstrate the link between poverty reduction, sustainable livelihoods and ecosystem management and to build effective partnership with social development organisations.
2. The Rainforest Challenge Partnership: The programme's goal is to enhance the productivity, sustainability and diversity of landscapes in the humid tropics in ways that meet the needs of the rural poor while maintaining forest biodiversity and other environmental services. This programme operates through partnerships that bring together local community groups and leading organisations in nature conservation and in agriculture and natural resources research and development.
3. Forest PACT, Forest Partnership for Action and Commitment Today. This is an action-oriented partnership aimed to reward and encourage leadership in forest conservation and improving sustainable livelihoods. It seeks to mobilise stakeholders who are already making a difference thereby institutionalising a culture of success. With clear forest conservation and sustainable management objectives, partners jointly contribute to actions that could not have been achieved alone. The ForestPACT secretariat is currently run by IUCN and WWF.
4. The Congo Basin Forest Partnership (CBFP) was created to protect the invaluable forest area of the Congo Basin. CBPF brings together governments, international organizations, non-governmental environmental organizations, industry, and civil society in a strong international partnership to manage the Congo Basin in a sustainable manner (for more information on CBPF see the initiatives section of this report).