Apiculture and Nature Conservation (ANCO- Cameroon)
In 1992 three groups of bee farmers founded an umbrella organisation to fight rural poverty which studies had indicated to be high in the North West Region of the country. The organisation was called the North West Beefarmers Association (NOWEBA). However, in 2002 the need to add nature conservation was robustly approved by members. That addition led to the change of name, vision and mission. Since 2002, ANCO has carried out conservation projects integrated with poverty reduction. She limits her biodiversity conservation to
Community forestry in accordance with the Cameroon Forestry Law of 1994. Here, ANCO works with the concerned community to conserve and enhance the biodiversity of their forest through the planting of trees on the IUCN Red data list. This list comprising 815 species was compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew (UK)
Watershed protection through reforestation and creation of trained local structures to manage the watershed.
The usually 3 or 4 livelihood activities that are integrated with projects of the foregoing areas are selected from: bee farming, cane rat rearing, market gardening, mushroom cultivation, pig or goat rearing.
Also, sustainable farming systems, seen as part of livelihoods are selected from agroforestry, night paddock manure system, erosion control cultivation, improved pasture, improved fallow, green manure and or compost manure.
Biodiversity conservation integrated with livelihood activities in the submontane forest of Mbiame in the Bamenda Highlands of West Cameroon
The implementation period was from 2000 – 2004
Funding was by IUCN/NL
Objectives to be met were to protect the 400 hectares of community forest from all sorts of encroachment including bush fires, to enhance its quality by the eradication of an invasive species and selected tree planting, to build the capacity of community members in selected sustainable farming practices and income generating activities.
Reforestation of the 12.3km2 barren watershed for the village of Kitiwum
Implementation period was 2005 – 2008 during which 300,000 trees were planted with funding from the International Tree Foundation UK.
The objectives were to reforest half the watershed with selected watershed trees, to build the capacity of community members in bee farming, and to set up community apiary for income generation for the sustenance of the watershed.
Biodiversity conservation integrated with income generation for the moist submontane forest of Dom in the Bamenda Highlands of West Cameroon
The project execution period extended from 2008 – 2010 and funding provided by IUCN/NL.
The objectives were to protect and enhance biodiversity of Dom community forest by the minimization of encroachment and reforestation of degraded areas, to train community members in skills of income generation and sustainable farming practices and to organise local productive groups relating to income generating activities and sustainable farming systems.
Protection of 3 National Parks through the promotion of sustainable management of NTFPs in the South West Region of Cameroon
Specific objectives were to organise the communities in and around the parks and to train them to produce honey from the parks, harvest and market spices and wild vegetables (eru, okongobong, njangsa etc) and to assist them acquire necessary equipment and facilities for production, transportation and packaging of the produce.
The funds were provided by the Project for the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in the South West Region (PSMNR/SWR), a consortium of Kfw, DED and the Cameroon Government.
Reforestation of the Nkor water catchment
For 3 years running, (2009 – 2011) the American Global Releaf granted yearly funds for the reforestation of the Nkor watershed. By end of 2011, we had planted 210,000 trees. Follow up indicates high rate (85%) success.
The objectives was to reforest and protect the bare watershed in order to improve potable water discharge in the concerned community.
The protection activities are on-going being undertaken by the local council which invited ANCO in the name of the community.