National Forestry Authority
In 1998 the government of Uganda adopted a policy to restructure many government departments including the Forestry Department. It recognized an urgent need for a change in the policy, legal framework, and institutions controlling forestry within Uganda. There was a sense of crisis about the state of the country's forests and a particular outcry at the state of the forest reserves in the hands of the Forestry Department. The Forestry Department was no longer appropriate for the task and therefore it needed to be divested. It was decided that a new institutional arrangement was needed hence the Forestry Inspection Division, the National Forestry Authority and the District Forestry Services were set up.
The Government of Uganda worked with DFID, Norway, GTZ, UNDP, FAO and the EU towards this institutional change since 1999. Having made the decision to close the Forestry Department, the Ministry pushed for a quick development of, and transition to, a National Forestry Authority (NFA). As a result, the NFA was founded in 2003 under section 52 of The National Forestry and Tree Planting Act and was launched on the 26th April 2004.
Establishment of the National Forestry Authority was preceded by the development of the new Forestry Policy (2001) and the National Forest Plan (2002). These were to provide a framework for distribution of roles and responsibilities amongst sector stakeholders and not just the Forestry Department.