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Fauna & Flora International (FFI)

Fauna & Flora International (FFI)

Established over a century ago, Fauna & Flora International (FFI) was the world’s first international conservation organisation. The pioneering work of its founders in Africa led to the creation of numerous protected areas, including both Kruger and Serengeti National Parks.

FFI has always been a ground breaker; it is renowned for its innovative, landmark programmes –many of which have come to be regarded as classic examples of conservation practice.

In Uganda, Fauna & Flora International (FFI) has developed an innovative conservation initiative aimed at integrating cultural values into the management of national parks, focused on the Rwenzori Mountains and Lake Mburo National Park.

In addition, through FFI’s active involvement in the International Gorilla Conservation Programme, we are helping to conserve mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga National Park.


- Securing tenure and the sustainable use of African blackwood (?mpingo?) for villagers in Kilwa District, Tanzania with FFI?s partners the Mpingo Conservation Project.

- Creating a model for community engagement and incentivising natural resource management to prevent unsustainable destruction of a State Park in Mato Grosso state, one of the richest areas of biodiversity in Brazil.

- Building the capacity of Tibetan Herders to maintain the grasslands on which they are dependent through developing effective resource management plans and securing government support for implementation.

- Influencing national policy decisions and working with local authorities in post-conflict Liberia to ensure that conservation and community needs are taken into account despite pressure from commercial logging and mining interests.

- Improving food security and promoting protection of the Critically Endangered Siamese crocodile, and its habitat, among communities in Cambodia's Cardamom Mountains.

- FFI has a Conservation, Livelihoods and Governance team, which supports regional programmes to take a holistic, people-centred approach to biodiversity conservation. The team facilitates the capacity development of FFI staff and partners to better understand and address the needs and rights of local communities in their conservation programmes. This is achieved through providing briefing notes, guidelines, tools, training and mentoring to ensure that these issues are taken into account in the contextual analysis, planning and review of our programmes.

- FFI has had a long running involvement in great ape conservation and poverty reduction projects in Africa:

- FFI works in the Dja Biosphere Reserve where they focus on community-led law enforcement, to prevent bushmeat logging and mining. Near the Nigeria border they are setting up a community wildlife sanctuary, the first in Cameroon. They are also setting up a Forest Conservation fund, which will fund local development activities.

- FFI works in Haut Niger NP in central Guinea, on a chimpanzee reintroduction project that includes environmental education for local people, and in the Nimba Biosphere Reserve. At Nimba a partnership has been established with the Centre de Gestion de l?Environnement des Monts Nimba et Simandou with the intentions of reconciling conservation goals, mining interests and the livelihood concerns of local communities. The Nimba bushmeat project engages directly with women?s groups to establish a viable system that will allow the trade in wildlife across the region to be monitored and managed.

- FFI ape conservation work in Nigeria is focussed on the Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary. Their ?Community Management Planning for Sustainable Forest Livelihoods and Biodiversity Conservation Project? includes work with technology firm Helveta Ltd to develop a Global Positioning System (GPS) mapped forest resource inventory. FFI also recently commissioned a study on the feasibility of habituating cross-river gorillas for tourism.

Integrating Conservation, Livelihoods & Governance: Learning From Experience

Empowering Tibetan herders: sustainable rangeland management on the roof of the world

Mpingo, the tree that makes money from music: Participatory Forest Management in Tanzania

Striking a balance between conservation and development in Cristalino, Gateway to the Amazon

In DR Congo WCS,  FFI  and Kaahuzi Biega National Park have helped the Bugobe groupement in Kabare Chiefdom in South Kivu Province to develop the microcredits scheme for members of  communities who decided to stop with illegal activities in the Park after the micro credits are given to beneficiaries and they reimburse the amount without interest. This activity has helped a large number of villagers surrounding the park in this Groupement to stop illegal activities. The households who received the microcredits are now able to pay school fees for their children, pay for clothes, save some money and even give small amount of micro credits to indirect beneficiaries.

Type of organisation: 
Conservation organisation
United Kingdom


Arthur Mugisha,
Plot 1, Katalima Crescent
P.O Box 22635, Naguru
Kampala, Uganda



Sivha Mbake  and Thalia Liokatis

Telephone: +243 998087920 or +4412235790484


Fauna & Flora International
4th Floor
Jupiter House
Station Road, Cambridge

Phone: + 44 (0) 1223 571000
Fax: + 44 (0) 1223 461481