International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
The coordinator of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group, IIED is an international policy research institute and non-governmental body working for more sustainable and equitable global development. IIED has five broad areas of work:
- Natural Resources ? food and agriculture, biodiversity, land rights, forestry, water, energy;
- Climate Change - drylands, adaptation, negotiations, cities;
- Human Settlements ? urban poverty, urban environment, rural-urban links;
- Sustainable Markets ? environment economics, business and sustainable development, direct investment, market governance;
- Governance ? law, planning and partnerships.
1. Social Assessment of Protected Areas (SAPA): A number of international NGOs have joined forces to identify and develop methodologies for assessing the social impact of protected areas, with the potential to incorporate these assessments into national and international protected areas policy.
2. Linking Ape Conservation and Livelihoods: With a grant from the Arcus Foundation IIED is working to document experience in linking ape conservation and poverty alleviation/livelihoods security in African ape range states and to facilitate learning between conservation organisations and development agencies and initiatives on how to better integrate conservation and poverty alleviation concerns.
3. Paying local communities for ecosystem services: The Chimpanzee Conservation Corridor Chimpanzees in Uganda are under threat as their habitat is lost to agriculture and human settlements. At the heart of this problem is the attitude of most farmers that chimpanzees and the conservation of forest habitats are a threat to their own livelihoods. IIED aims to demonstrate how an effective, equitable and financially sustainable payment scheme to compensate local landholders for conserving and restoring forest habitats in Hoima District can protect chimpanzee populations and other components of biodiversity.
3. Conservation and Human Rights: IIED has worked with a group of the largest international conservation organisations to develop a set of principles for addressing human rights within a conservation context. These principles are now being further developed and opertionalised by the conservation organisations.
4. Environmental Mainstreaming: IIED has been working in close collaboration with the UNEP-UNDP Poverty-Environment Initiative to promote the mainstreaming of environmental issues into development policy and planning. Activities include the development of a \"Sourcebook on Environmental Mainstreaming\" and facilitating multi-stakeholder 'learning and leadership groups' to encourage greater recognition of all environmental aspects in national development policy and budgets. This work is being expanded to include a specific focus on biodiversity.
5. Sustaining Local Food Systems, Agricultural Biodiversity and Livelihoods: This research aims to analyse how and under what conditions can decentralised governance, farmer participation and capacity building promote the adaptive management of agricultural biodiversity in the context of local food systems and livelihoods.
6. Forest Governance Learning Group: The forest governance learning group works in Africa and Asia to exchange learning and develop ideas on forest governance - and helps to make them work for practical, just and sustainable forest use.
7. Traditional Knowledge and Biocultural heritage: This project aims to strengthen biocultural systems in order to enhance food and health security, reduce poverty, conserve biodiversity and enhance resilience and adaptation to climate change. It involves participatory action- research with communities in Peru, Panama, Kenya, India and China in areas of important bio-cultural diversity to develop local tools (bio-cultural protocols, registers, value addition etc), and inform national and international policy on traditional knowledge, genetic resources and farmers' rights.
8. Biodiversity Offsets: Finding new sources of finance for biodiversity conservation and developing strategies that conserve endangered species and habitats while enhancing livelihoods for those people living closest to biodiversity is a major challenge. IIED's Sustainable Markets Group has worked with the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme (BBOP) to develop guidance for offset designers grappling with the socioeconomic challenges underlying biodiversity offsets.
9. Biodiversity, livelihoods and climate change: Making the links. IIED is among the forefront of organisations emphasising the linkages between climate change and biodiversity conservation, and the impacts of both on the livelihoods of the worlds poorest people. Our current focus of attention is on traditional knowledge and on ecosystem based adaptation.