The International Union for Conservation of Nature is the world?s largest conservation network. The Union?s mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. IUCN works to help communities and governments better manage their ecosystems in an effort to achieve sustainable development and improve human well-being.
1. Water and Nature Initiative (WANI): The Water and Nature Initiative is an action programme, which brings together stakeholders to demonstrate the sustainable management of water resources. Through field projects IUCN members and partners test how stakeholder participation, improved water governance and innovative financing can improve livelihoods and maintain healthy ecosystems (www.waterandnature.org).
2. Improving Natural Resource Governance for Rural Poverty Reduction: The DFID funded \"Improving Natural Resource Governance for Rural Poverty Reduction\" is a portfolio of 10 international projects that aim to foster conditions for better environmental governance including fair and equitable access to natural resources, new benefit-sharing arrangements, and more participative and transparent decision-making processes. (www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/social_policy/sp_themes/sp_dfid/)
3. Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategy (LLS): Livelihoods and landscapes strategies are plans to deliver human and environmental needs in large areas of land. They have a special emphasis on improving livelihoods through the sustainable use of forests. Each strategy is different, but they all combine technical, local and organisational knowledge, and aim to be environmentally friendly, financially sustainable and socially equitable (www.iucn.org/lls).
4. Towards pro-poor REDD: A project working to build synergies between forest governance, equitable benefit sharing and reduced emissions through sustainable forest management in five tropical countries (Guatemala, Indonesia, Ghana, Liberia and Cameroon). It aims to demonstrate a tangible reduction of deforestation, improve forest dependent livelihoods and ultimately provide long-term security of forest based carbon stocks in key forest rich regions. It involves analytical, awareness raising, capacity building and communication activities. In the longer term, it seeks to ensure strong policy-practice.
5. Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management Initiative (PREMI): The SIDA funded PREMI is a regional programme working on the integration of management of natural resources for poverty reduction and climate change adaptation in West Africa. PREMI strengthens capacities of local and regional partners to integrate ecosystem goods and services into regional development plans, poverty reduction and climate change policies and strategies to promote livelihood security and economic growth in West African countries.
6. Climate Change and Development Project (CCDP): CCDP (funded by Formin - Finland) works with local and national stakeholders to develop adaptation measures, which will sustainably safeguard local livelihoods and habitats into the future. CCDP has successfully completed three country pilot studies in Africa that give new insight into how local livelihoods are being affected by climate variability and change and what measures they can take to make those livelihoods less vulnerable and more resilient.
7. Mangroves for the future (MFF): Mangroves for the Future (MFF), is a unique IUCN and UNDP led multi-partner (CARE, FAO, Norway, Sida, UNEP, and Wetlands International with support from Norway and Sida) initiative that works across countries in the Indian and Pacific Oceans to support long term sustainable coastal development that recognises ecosystems as natural assets and infrastructure. These initiatives are raising awareness of the many benefits of coastal ecosystems and building local capacity to enhance food and livelihood security, disaster preparedness, and climate change adaptation (www.iucn.org/about/union/secretariat/offices/asia/regional_activities/mff/).
8. Energy, Ecosystems and Livelihoods Initiative: The goal of the Energy, Ecosystems and Livelihoods Initiative is to support and accelerate the transition to energy systems that are ecologically sustainable, socially equitable, and economically efficient while making full use of the best available technologies and governance arrangements. (www.iucn.org/about/work/initiatives/energy_welcome/index.cfm)
Conservation Initiative on Human Rights (CIHR): CIHR is a consortium of international conservation NGOs (IUCN, WWF, WCS, FFI, TNC, CI, Wetlands International, BirdLife International) that seek to improve the practice of conservation by promoting integration of human rights in conservation policy and practice. CIHR members have come together because of a common interest in promoting positive links between conservation and rights of people to secure their livelihoods, enjoy healthy and productive environments and live with dignity.