Anthropology Department at University College London (UCL)
UCL Anthropology?s Human Ecology Research Group focuses, on the one hand, on the impact of resource policy and management on people?s livelihoods, health and welfare, and on the other, on the impacts of changing resource use on environment and biodiversity. The Human Ecology group includes some 25 staff, postdoctoral and postgraduate researchers working on interactions of conservation and development in regions ranging from Amazonia, East and West Africa to Siberia and South East Asia; in ecosystems from tropical rain forest through drylands to coastal and riverine wetlands, and with a research focus ranging from single species interactions with people (e.g. great apes/large carnivores/turtles) through to broader themes (e.g. bushmeat; fire management regimes; fishers and aquatic resources, pastoralists and payments for wildlife conservation). Research continues to explore the interactions of wildlife conservation and rural livelihoods in less developed countries, and focuses particularly on ecosystem and threatened species ecology, household economy and livelihoods diversification.
1. Changing Maasai Land Use and Livelihoods: Multi site comparative study and synthesis of the outcomes of changing land use and the implications for wildlife conservation, poverty reduction and economic development: Kenyan, Ethiopian and Tanzanian rangelands. Funded by ESPA (ESRC/NERC/DfID); ASARECA (USAID), EU.
2. Forest people resource use and rights: Studying the impact of global forces on many Pygmy groups across the Congo Basin has led to applied research supporting conservation efforts by forest people and supporting them to better represent themselves to outsiders, particularly use of GPS technology by non literate peoples to define and monitor their resources against logging incursions, and issues of free, prior and informed consent on resource extraction, as well as research into human rights abuses, discrimination, economic and legal marginalisation.
3. Anthropological demography, especially of African nomadic pastoralists: The consequences of conflict and displaced or refugee populations; migration and mobility: Integrating qualitative and quantitative data to improve our understanding of population and environment data and the biases within them.
4. The human ecology of living aquatic resource use (particularly in SE Asia) and the development of integrated approaches to living aquatic resources management and research. Impact of fisheries and agricultural development on living aquatic resources, local livelihoods and human/environment interactions. Institutional approaches to understanding local collective action in natural resources management and development.