The pages listed below provide links to other resources that people - with an interest in poverty and conservation issues - might find useful. The links are to relevant sites, members institutional sites, databases, networks, professional associations and so on.

We are always trying to further develop these pages so if you would like to add a useful link or suggest an additional category of resources that should be included please contact us.

Key reports and publications

Details of on-line resources that you may find useful. If you would like to suggest an additional link that should be included please contact us.

World Development Report
The World Bank's annual World Development Report (WDR) is a guide to the economic, social and environmental state of the world today. Each year the WDR provides in depth analysis of a specific aspect of development.

Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO)
The second meeting of the Conference of the Parties called for the preparation of a periodic report on biological diversity: the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO). It suggested that the GBO should provide a summary of the status of biological diversity and an analysis of the steps being taken by the global community to ensure that biodiversity is conserved and used sustainably, and that benefits arising from the use of genetic resources are shared equitably.
Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 summarizes the latest data on status and trends of biodiversity and draws conclusions for the future strategy of the Convention. GBO-3 is based on a range of information sources, including National Reports, biodiversity indicators information, scientific literature, and a study assessing biodiversity scenarios for the future.

CBD Technical Series
The goal of the CBD Technical Series is to contribute to the dissemination of up-to-date and accurate information on selected topics that are important for the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the equitable sharing of its benefits.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment assessed the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being. From 2001 to 2005, the MA involved the work of more than 1,360 experts worldwide. Their findings provide a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the world’s ecosystems and the services they provide, as well as the scientific basis for action to conserve and use them sustainably.

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature
"Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature" aims to capture how habitats such as tropical forests and coral reefs contribute to countries' economic bottom lines.

UNEP Year Book (Formerly called GEO Year Book)
The UNEP Year Book 2013 details the key environmental events of 2012- 2013, and looks at changes in the global evironment. 

World Resources

The World Resources Report (WRR) provides policymakers around the world—government, civil society, and business—with analysis and insight about major environmental and development issues.


Details of on-line resources that you may find useful. If you would like to suggest an additional link that should be included please contact us.

arborvitae is the IUCN/WWF Forest Conservation Newsletter that is published jointly by WWF and IUCN three times a year to disseminate general current information and share knowledge on key issues and events that impact the forestry sector and on the conservation and sustainable use of forest resources.

Biodiversity for Development Newsletter
Biodiversity for Development Newsletter is the newsletter of the CBD Secretariat’s initiative on the linkages between biodiversity and development.

Environment & Poverty Times
The Environment & Poverty Times aims to explain the complex links between poverty and the environment. It shows, through short texts, maps and other illustrations, some of the manifestations of poverty and environmental conditions.

ID21 is a research reporting service aiming to make policymakers aware of the latest British development research findings. It includes a section dedicated to conservation and biodiversity.

Sustainable Development Update (SDU)
Sustainable Development Update is a newsletter that focuses on the links between ecology, society and the economy.


Details of on-line resources that you may find useful. If you would like to suggest an additional link that should be included please contact us.

Case Study Database
Case Study Database is an online tool hosted by the Centre for Community-Based Resource Management at the University of Manitoba, providing searchable access to hundreds of case studies of community based management including papers in scientific journals, book chapters, case studies, and Masters and PhD dissertations.

Catalog of Conservation Social Science Tools
Produced by the Society for Conservation Biology's Social Science Working Group (SSWG) the "Catalog of Conservation Social Science Tools" is a searchable database containing practical tools and other useful resources to help researchers and practitioners to better understand and address the social challenges of biodiversity conservation. The Catalog includes an overview of the main social science disciplines, challenges, and methodological approaches related to conservation practice written by expert members of the SSWG.

Digital Library of the Commons
The Digital Library of the Commons (DLC) is a gateway to the international literature on the commons. It includes a comprehensive bibliography of the commons; a keyword thesaurus, and links to relevant reference sources on the study of the commons.

EarthTrends is a database hosted by the World Resources Institute (WRI). It includes data on key environmental and social issues gathered from the world’s leading statistical agencies, along with WRI-generated maps and analyses. To facilitate the comparison of data from different sources, EarthTrends supplements its content with detailed metadata that reports on research methodologies and evaluates the information’s reliability.

Equator Knowledge Zone
The Equator Knowledge Zone is the Equator Initiative's interactive, map-based best practice database. This online tool provides users with information and resources on innovative community projects working at the interface of biodiversity and poverty reduction around the world.

World Database on Marine Protected Areas
The United Nations Environment Programme's World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP- WCMC), together with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), has recently launched a new on-line system to view and study the world's marine protected areas. This new system allows users to view information on marine protected areas in their web browser, to visualise them in Google Earth, to download data, to bring together other important data like species and ecosystem information into the same portal and more.

World Database on Protected Areas
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), managed by UNEP-WCMC in partnership with the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas provides the most comprehensive dataset on protected areas worldwide. The WDPA allows you to search protected areas data by site name, country, and international programme or convention.

Worldwide database of Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA)
TILCEPA (Theme/Strategic Direction on Governance, Communities, Equity, and Livelihood Rights in Relation to Protected Areas) has initiated a Worldwide database of Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA), through voluntary inputs from members who are familiar with policy/legal developments.

Useful websites

Details of on-line resources that you may find useful. If you would like to suggest an additional link that should be included please contact us.

Biodiversity & Human Well-being
This Digest is a faithful summary of the leading scientific consensus report produced in 2005 by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA): "Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis".

Biodiversity Economics
Biodiversity Economics is a site managed by IUCN and WWF which is intended to encourage and assist the use of economics in support of biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. The site provides a library, a search engine which explores other authoritative sites and a ‘basics’ section intended for visitors new to the economics of biodiversity.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management (BIOPAMA) 

BIOPAMA is a programme that aims to address threats to biodiversity in three of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, in African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) countries, while reducing poverty in communities in and around protected areas. Specifically, the programme will make the best science and knowledge available to support capacity building, policy development and better decision-making on biodiversity conservation, protected areas management, and access and benefit-sharing.

CBD Clearing-House Mechanism
The CBD Clearing-House Mechanism seeks to support the Convention's thematic and cross-cutting programmes of work by promoting cooperation in six key areas: tools for decision-making, training and capacity-building, research, funding, technology transfer, and the repatriation of information.

CBNRM Net is a web portal for information and resources on community based natural resource management.

CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research)’s Criteria and Indicators Toolbox’s Initiative
CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research)’s Criteria and Indicators Toolbox’s initiative aims at empowering local users to develop and apply sets of indicators relevant to their interpretation of sustainable forest management in their specific context.

COMACO - Community Markets for Conservation
COMACO is an initiative of the Zambia field programme of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), working in close consultation with Community Resources Boards of Luangwa Valley, District Council authorities, and key Government institutions. Its objectives are to provide marketing services, trade benefits, and extension support for farm-based and natural resource-based commodities as a basis for adopting improved land use practices that promote natural resource conservation.

Conservation Commons
Conservation Commons is a collaborative effort to improve open access to data, information, and knowledge related to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
The main objective of is to improve practical conservation by increasing access to the experience of others. disseminates information on the effectiveness of conservation practice though its collection of case studies and its on-line peer reviewed journal.

CPR Digest
CPR Digest is a quarterly journal of the International Association for the Study Common Property. Back issues freely available on the IASCP website.

Development Gateway
Development Gateway is a web portal on economic development, offering project information, articles, community features and many other resources.

Eldis is an information service provided by the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, UK. Its aim is to "Support the documentation, exchange and use of evidence-based development knowledge". It hosts resources on a wide range of development issues including biodiversity and poverty.

Environmental Mainstreaming
Environmental Mainstreaming is the IIED's website dedicated to the issue of integrating environment into development institutions and decisions.

Forest Governance Learning Group
The forest governance learning group, coordinated by IIED, works in Africa and Asia to exchange learning and develop ideas on forest governance - and helps to make them work for practical, just and sustainable forest use.

FRAMEweb is a USAID-funded programme to build knowledge-sharing networks of natural resource management professionals.

id21 insights
id21 insights is an output of ID21 the research reporting service managed by the Institute of Development Studies in the UK. There are three editions, with the one focussing on natural resources published in paper and online format 7 times a year.

IUCN Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategy (LLS)
The IUCN Livelihoods and Landscapes Strategy (LLS) is a global initiative that examines the rights and access of the rural poor to forest products in the context of the entire landscape in which people and forests interact.

Livelihoods Connect
Livelihoods Connect is a learning platform for creating sustainable livelihoods to eliminate poverty. It provides a suite of information sharing, learning and management tools for researchers, policy makers, consultants and practitioners working in a broad range of institutions around the world.

Natural Resource Perspectives
Natural Resource Perspectives are produced by the Overseas Development Institute in the UK and present accessible information on current development issues.

People & Ecosystems Program
WRI's People & Ecosystems Program creates innovative, practical, and decision-relevant solutions that aim to halt and reverse ecosystem degradation while sustaining their capacity to provide humans with the goods and services we need.

People and Wildlife Initiative
The People and Wildlife Initiative is an information and communications forum for matters related to human-wildlife conflict. provides a global review and internet gateway into the issues of population, poverty, health, consumption and the environment. It is published by Planet 21, an independent non-profit company and a registered British charity recognised by the United Nations.

Policy Powertools
Policy Powertools is a website hosted by IIED that introduces a range of Power Tools – "how-to" ideas that marginalised people and their allies can use to have a greater positive influence on natural resources policy.

Poverty Environment Net
Poverty Environment Net is a dedicated website to promote improved efforts to address poverty-environment relationships globally. The purpose of the website is to collect and share knowledge and experiences on poverty-environment linkages, lessons learned and good practices in responding to poverty-environment challenges.

Poverty Mapping
Poverty Mapping is a site hosted by UNEP/GRID-Arendal that includes case studies, graphics and publications relating to poverty mapping. This includes work on poverty-conservation mapping. is the internet platform of the Social Development Division (SoDev) of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). The platform provides resources on the following themes: sustainable livelihoods approaches, pro poor policy, empowerment, poverty impact and effectiveness and focus on poverty.

PovertyNet is a World Bank web portal that provides an introduction to key issues as well as in-depth information on poverty measurement, monitoring, analysis, and on poverty reduction strategies for researchers and practitioners.

Protected Areas Learning Network
The Protected Areas Learning Network (PALNet) is intended to compile and disseminate information relating to protected area management. The site includes databases of protected area experts, projects and documents.

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)
Information on The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) can be found on the website of the European Commission. This study aims to evaluate the costs of the loss of biodiversity and the associated decline in ecosystem services worldwide, and compare them with the costs of effective conservation and sustainable use. Various organisations have contributed to Phase I of TEEB with resources, studies, or expertise and contributions have also been received from individual experts. A list of the main studies contracted by the European Commission and the German Ministry for the Environment and provided by partners is available on the EC website.

UNDP and Biodiversity
The UNDP page on biodiversity contains a wealth of information on UNDP's work for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Professional associations

Details of on-line resources that you may find useful. If you would like to suggest an additional link that should be included please contact us.

International Association for Society and Natural Resources
IASNR is an interdisciplinary professional association open to individuals who bring a variety of social science and natural science backgrounds to bear on research pertaining to the environment and natural resource issues. IASNR publishes the journal, Society and Natural Resources, which includes research articles and policy analyses pertaining to a broad range of topics addressing the relationships between social and biophysical systems. International Symposia on Society and Resource Management, are held annually.

International Association for the Study of Common Property
The International Association for the Study of Common Property (IASCP), founded in 1989, is a nonprofit Association devoted to understanding and improving institutions for the management of environmental resources that are (or could be) held or used collectively by communities in developing or developed countries.

SCB Social Science Working Group
The SCB Social Science Working Group (SSWG) is a global community of conservation scientists and practitioners. Established in 2003, the SSWG is dedicated to strengthening conservation social science and its application to conservation practice.

Society for Conservation Biology
The Society for Conservation Biology (SCB) is an international professional organization dedicated to promoting the scientific study of the phenomena that affect the maintenance, loss, and restoration of biological diversity. The Society's membership comprises a wide range of people interested in the conservation and study of biological diversity: resource managers, educators, government and private conservation workers, and students.

About us

The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is an international network of organisations that promotes learning on the linkages between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction.

More about us

IIED The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is a project coordinated by IIED.

UK AidArcus foundation

This website has received funding from UK aid and the Arcus Foundation. The views expressed on this site do not necessarily reflect the views of these organisations.

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