Type of study:
Type of publication:
Peer-review published journal paper
Mechanism by which biodiversity affects poverty:
Biodiversity component details:
Wetland provides water, climate regulation, fish and hydrological regulation for woodland (that provides wood fuel).
The wetland supports forest, grassland and lake which provides a variety of services.
Measure of poverty impact used:
-Income -% of dependence on wetland (for the whole study population)
Assessment of impact on poverty:
Evidence assesses the scale of impact:
Sustainability of biodiversity use:
Sustainability of biodiversity use details:
Major threat to the wetland is agriculture. There is need for more land and agriculture is the major economic activity for communities in the area. The authors suggest an integrated land management plan that takes into account the economic drivers threatening the conservation of the wetland.
Attribute of biodiversity affecting poverty:
Does the evidence relate to a specific intervention?:
How does the mechanism affect poverty?:
It supports immediate subsistence needs
It generates income/tradeable surplus
Mechanism affects poverty precisely how:
Fish harvested are mainly sold for income. Other products like provided by wetland like fodder, fuel wood, construction material are harvested and used by communities/ households.
Evidence provides measure of poverty impact:
Evidence is site-specific:
Research method details:
Rapid assessment of 21 villages, followed by intensive comparative study of 3 in 180 households. Finally an attitudinal survey was conducted in 5 villages using criteria of population, caste composition, distance from and distribution around wetland.
Unit of analysis and sample size:
Does the evidence mention the general biodiversity status of the country/region?:
Does the evidence describe the biodiversity status of the site?:
Site biodiversity status described:
Wetland has shrinked, is type 19 with rice paddies.
Does the evidence mention the general poverty status of the country/region?:
Site poverty status described:
Records land owning families, cattle owning families, population, per capita income, land holding and literacy.
Does the evidence discuss the governance regime at the site?:
Does the evidence describe the poverty/socioeconomic status of the site?:
What is the resource rights regime?:
Resource rights regime details:
Some land is private (owned by individual) while others do not own land (presumed to be communal land).
What is the land tenure regime?:
Land tenure regime details:
Some land privately owned and some not (presumed to be communal).
Does the evidence mention the power relations?:
Does the evidence consider possible trade-offs/costs as well as benefits?:
Measure of poverty impact tag:
Distribution impacts considered:
Duration of impact considered:
Outcome replicable elsewhere considered:
Thresholds/boundary limits/tipping points of achieving the outcome considered:
How costs and benefits/impacts might vary across different spatial scales considered:
Presence of possible confounding factors acknowledged: