Community based natural resources management (CBNRM) in Botswana aims to achieve conservation and rural development. In the Okavango Delta , some communities are involved in tourism through CBNRM initiatives. This study analyses the changes on traditional livelihood activities and lifestyles due to CBNRM. Traditional activities like hunting, gathering, crop and livestock farming have declined. New activities include employment in the CBNRM project, sale of crafts to tourists and thatch grass to lodges.